As most people know, email is horribly insecure. It is trivial to forge the
Unfortunately all of these schemes have problems due to the fact that they are an addition to the existing mail system. SPF and SenderID prevent plain forwarding (requiring additional schemes like SRS or whitelisting of forwarders), and MTAs and mailing lists which modify messages break DomainKey and DKIM signatures. Despite these issues, email forgery is an issue which needs to be addressed, and we cannot wait for a perfect solution before adopting it. Some major mail providers (including Gmail and Yahoo) are already implementing these schemes.
I have therefore configured SPF and DKIM in my Postfix mail setup. My SPF policy allows mail from my server and SOFTFAILs all other hosts, and all outgoing mail is signed with DKIM. Incoming mail is checked for SPF and DKIM, but aren't discared even if the checks fail. I will be keeping an eye on things and will revise my policy when I think it safe.
To create an SPF policy, add a TXT record to your DNS records according to the SPF syntax. The policy should authorise all hosts from which you send mail. (Mine simply authorises my mail server since I send all mail through it.) You also need a policy for the hostname presented by your mail server in its HELO/EHLO command. You should also create policies for all subdomains which aren't used for mail.
To check SPF records for incoming mail, I used the SPF policy daemon for Postfix. It is packaged for Ubuntu as
To sign and check DKIM I use DKIMproxy. There isn't an Ubuntu package so I installed it from source. The instructions on the site are good, and include details for Postfix. You will need to generate a key to sign with and publish it in DNS, and then configure Postfix to sign outgoing messages and validate incoming messages. DKIMproxy won't discard messages with invalid signatures by default.
DKIM includes a component called ADSP which allows domains to publish their signing policy. The strongest policy states that all messages are signed with DKIM and any messages without signatures should be discarded. This will allow mail servers to reject messages not sent through your mail server. However, the standard is not finalised yet, and issues regarding mailing lists still need to be addressed.